ESSAY EMPIRE's custom essays
  Home Essay Topics & Examples Our Prices Research Papers Term Papers Essay Writing Order now Contact Us  
 Argumentative Essays and Research Papers
 Art and Culture Essays and Research Papers
 Business Essays and Research Papers
 Custom Essay Writing Services
 Environmental Essays and Research Papers
 Health Essays and Research Papers
 History Essays and Research Papers
 How to Write an Essay
 Literature Essays and Research Papers
 Media Essays and Research Papers
 Philosophy Essays and Research Papers
 Political Science Essays and Research Papers
 Psychology Essays and Research Papers
 Religion Essays and Research Papers
 Research Paper Examples
 Research Paper Topics & Ideas
 Science Essays and Research Papers
 Shakespeare Essays and Research Papers
 Sociology Essays and Research Papers
Todat' Free Samples Essay
Research Paper on Physical Activity and Obesity
Physical Activity and Obesity Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Obesity. Physical Activity is defined as bodily movement (any form) produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles that increases energy expenditure above the basal level, and can be categorized in various ways, including type, intensity or strenuousness and purpose. Obesity is a condition describing excess body weight in the form of fat, with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater...
Popular Essay Topics
 Research Paper on Organizational Crime
 Research Paper on Human Trafficking
 Research Paper on Capital Punishment
 Research Paper on Community Corrections
 Research Paper on Crime Prevention
 Research Paper on Ancient Political Thought
 Research Paper on Asian Political Thought
 Research Paper on Islamic Political Thought
 Research Paper on Christian Political Thought
 Research Paper on Early Modern and Classical Liberal Political Thought
 Research Paper on Standards for Psychotherapy
 Research Paper on Support Groups
 Research Paper on Agoraphobia
 Research Paper on Alcohol Abuse
 Research Paper on Alzheimer's Disease
 Research Paper on Technology and the Environment
 Research Paper on Sociology of Terrorism
 Research Paper on the Sociology of Violence
 Research Paper on Environmental Sociology
 Research Paper on Applied Sociology
Copyright ©, 2004-2012. All rights reserved

You Are Here: Home > Essay Topics > Art and Culture Essays and Research Papers > Arts, Media, and Popular Culture  > Essay on The Wizard of Oz

  Arts, Media, and Popular Culture

Essay on The Wizard of Oz

The book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) and its film adaptation The Wizard of Oz (1939) quickly became a foundational element in American popular culture with countless idiomatic allusions, cultural references, and pervasive merchandizing. Lyman Frank Baum wrote seventeen sequels comprising the Oz series, though none repeated or surpassed the popularity of the first book. The film launched actress Judy Garland's stardom; she won an Academy Award and made the song "Somewhere Over the Rainbow" popular and famous, earning it recognition as the number one song of the twentieth century. Since the 1950s, the film has aired continuously on network and cable television. These airings, with few exceptions, became an annual tradition and continued through 2002. Sidney Lumet directed an African American stage version in 1978; The Wiz starred pop-music icons Diana Ross and Michael Jackson as Dorothy and the Scarecrow, respectively. In 1998 The Wizard of Oz ranked sixth out of one hundred in an American Film Institute poll; it was the highest ranked musical in the genre of fantasy and family movies. Through the first half decade of the 2000s, it continued to generate academic and mainstream books, journal articles, CD music releases, videocassette releases, websites, blogs, merchandizing, and a remastered digital DVD release.

Baum was born on May 15, 1856, in Chittenango, New York. He suffered a stroke and died on May 5, 1919. Many biographies exist detailing his life and work. The success of the Oz books prompted a musical adaptation for the stage. Oz (1902) became very popular and toured for nine years. The film The Wizard of Oz was adapted from Baum's first book, other books in the series, and stage scripts.

The basic storyline details the adventures of a young girl named Dorothy as a tornado transports her and her dog to the magical land of Oz, where she encounters and befriends interesting characters and experiences a range of adventures, some of which are frightening, even gruesome, and others humorous. The characters most remembered are Dorothy; her dog Toto; the Munchkins; the Scarecrow; the Tin Man; the Cowardly Lion; the Wizard of Oz; Glinda, the Good Witch of the North (Glinda is from the South in the book); and the main villain, the Wicked Witch of the West. The film is mostly true to the original books, though one key difference is that the land of Oz and the Emerald City are real places in the books, but the film indicates that these places are fantasy and only exist in Dorothy's dream, which occurs as a result of a bump on the head. This notion is portrayed through the contrast of the dual-tone sepia segments, which depict real-life Kansas, and the Technicolor® segments, which depict the land of Oz. Also, the same actors who play the role of the farm hands play the roles of the major land of Oz characters.

The most noted dialogue that has worked its way into American popular culture includes the sayings: "Toto, I've got a feeling we're not in Kansas anymore," "Follow the yellow brick road," and "Pay no attention to the man behind the curtain." The first line has appeared in many variations in movies, television sitcoms, and skits. One of the most famous yellow brick road references is pop singer Elton John's 1973 album Goodbye Yellow Brick Road. "The man behind the curtain" has been used in reference to conspiracy theories and political scandals, including the Kennedy assassinations, Watergate, Iran-Contra, and suspicions of voter fraud in the 2000 U.S. presidential election.

There have been several scholarly interpretations of the story and film, including Daniel Dervin's 1978 Freudian interpretation, in which Dorothy's journey is symbolic of a sexual coming of age; Darren John Main's 2000 Jungian interpretation, in which Dorothy's journey is emblematic of archetypal spiritual journeys; and Lynette Carpenter's 1985 analysis, which presents the film as embodying U.S. isolationist tendencies during the dawn of World War II. The most acclaimed interpretation is Henry M. Littlefield's 1964 view of the story as allegory for the gold versus silver standard debate, political populism, and William Jennings Bryan's presidential run. For Littlefield, " The Wonderful Wizard of Oz has provided unknowing generations with a gentle and friendly Midwestern critique of the Populist rationale____ [L]ed by naive innocence [Dorothy] and protected by good will [Glinda], the farmer [Scarecrow], the labourer [Tin Man] and the politician [Bryan in particular] approach the mystic holder of national power [the Wizard] to ask for personal fulfilment" (pp. 57-58).

Another Populist perspective exists between the film and the New Deal. The lyricist for all the songs in the film was E. Y. "Yip" Harburg (1896-1981), who wrote the Great Depression anthem "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?" He also helped shape most of the story. Harburg claimed that the Emerald City represented the New Deal. In 1990 Francis MacDonnell extended this interpretation, stating that the Wizard represents New Deal president Franklin D. Roosevelt. In the same way that the Wizard shows Dorothy and her friends that they always had the qualities they were in search of, President Roosevelt demonstrated that the American people held the solutions to their problems and restored their self-confidence.



Carpenter, Lynette. 1985. There's No Place Like Home: The Wizard of Oz and American Isolationism. Film and History 15 (5): 37-45.

Dervin, Daniel. 1978. Over the Rainbow and Under the Twister: A Drama of the Girl's Passage through the Phallic Phase. Bulletin of the Meninger Clinic 42: 51-57.

Dighe, Ranjit S. 2002. The Historian's Wizard of Oz: Reading L. Frank Baum's Classic as a Political and Monetary Allegory. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Hearn, Michael Patrick. 2000. The Annotated Wizard of Oz: Centennial Edition. New York: W. W. Norton.

Littlefield, Henry M. 1964. The Wizard of Oz: A Parable on Populism. American Quarterly 16 (Spring): 47-58.

MacDonnell, Francis. 1990. "The Emerald City was the New Deal": E. Y. Harburg and The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Journal of American Culture 13 (Winter): 71-75.

Main, Darren John. 2000. Spiritual Journeys along the Yellow Brick Road. Tallahassee, FL: Findhorn Press.

Nathanson, Paul. 1991. Over the Rainbow : The Wizard of Oz as a Secular Myth of America. Albany: State University of New York Press.


Jeff Williams

EssayEmpire offers you the best custom essay writing services, along with term paper, thesis paper, and research paper writing help. Our company employs professional essay writers who are fully qualified in a variety of academic fields. If you require a high quality writing service that is capable of writing authentic essays, term papers or research papers because you simply don't have the time or resources to do them yourself or maybe they seem too complicated and time consuming, you don't need to look any further. EssayEmpire is the perfect place for all your needs. If you need high quality Essay on The Wizard of Oz at affordable prices please use our essay writing services offered by EssayEmpire.

Essay on Bamboozled (2000)
Essay on The Battle of Algiers (1966)
Essay on Birth of a Nation (1915)
Essay on Black Arts Movement
Essay on Blackface
Essay on Bluegrass
Essay on Blues
Essay on Calypso
Essay on Political Cartoons
Essay on Classical Music
Essay on Comedy
Essay on Comic Books
Essay on Communication
Essay on Computers: Science and Society
Essay on Conundrum
Essay on Creativity
Essay on Critical Theory
Essay on Cultural Resource Management
Essay on Cultural Tourism
Essay on Low and High Culture
Essay on Dance
Essay on Documentary Studies
Essay on Entertainment Industry
Essay on Ethnography
Essay on Ethnomusicology
Essay on Exoticism
Essay on Fahrenheit 9/11
Essay on Fiction
Essay on Film Industry
Essay on Gone With the Wind
Essay on The Harlem Renaissance
Essay on Hip Hop
Essay on The Internet
Essay on Jazz
Essay on Journalism
Essay on Literature
Essay on The Matrix (1999)
Essay on Media
Essay on The Medium Is the Message
Essay on Memin Pinguin
Essay on Metropolis
Essay on Minstrelsy
Essay on Modernism
Essay on Music
Essay on Myth and Mythology
Essay on Naturalism
Essay on Nature vs. Nurture
Essay on Nursery Rhymes
Essay on Objectivism
Essay on Objectivity
Essay on Obscenity
Essay on Parody
Essay on Patriotism
Essay on Message-Based Persuasion
Essay on Popular Culture
Essay on Popular Music
Essay on Postmodernism
Essay on Poststructuralism
Essay on Primitivism
Essay on Radio Talk Shows
Essay on Reggae
Essay on Rock 'n' Roll
Essay on Satire
Essay on Science Fiction
Essay on Star Trek
Essay on Star Wars
Essay on The Stepford Wives
Essay on Storytelling
Essay on Stream of Consciousness
Essay on Television
Essay on Theater
Essay on Uncle Tom
Essay on Vinyl Recordings
Essay on Visual Arts
Essay on War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy
Essay on World Music

Check our prices! Order your custom essay Now!
Custom Essays FAQInstant Quote
Assignment Type
Due date
Custom Essays FAQCustom Essay Writing Services
Enter FIRST10 as your coupon code at checkout to receive a 10% custom writing discount for your first order!
 Professional Essay Writers
 Top Quality Essay Service
 Available 24/7
 Totally Authentic
 Flexible pricing and great discounts
 Written from scratch
 250 words per page
 6-hour delivery available
 Guaranteed Privacy
 FREE Bibliography
 Writing Research Papers in 3,6 or 12 hours
How many pages is a...
250 words essay = 1 page
300 words essay = 2 pages
500 words essay = 2 pages
600 words essay = 3 pages
750 words essay = 3 pages
800  word essay = 4 pages
1000 words essay = 4 pages
2000 words essay = 8 pages
3000 words essay = 12 pages
5000 words essay = 20 pages
7000 words essay = 28 pages
7500 words essay = 30 pages
10000 words essay = 40 pages
Best Prices
$9.99 / page > in 10 days
$11.99 / page > in 7 days
$13.99 / page > in 5 days
$14.99 / page > in 4 days
$15.99 / page > in 3 days
$17.99 / page > in 48 hours
$19.99 / page > in 24 hours
$23.99 / page > in 12 hours
$25.99 / page > in 6 hours
$29.99 / page > in 3 hours
Custom Essays FAQCustom Writing FAQ
 What does your service offer?
 Is this service legal?
 Whom do you employ for writing?
 How secure is the order processing?
 What kind of written works can you provide?
 How many words do you have per page?
 Can I contact you in case of emergency?
 What are your policies concerning the paper format?
 What about refunds?
 What charge will I have in my bank statement?
  Home About US Disclaimer Useful Links Essay Topics & Examples Our Prices Discounts Essay Writing FAQ Cheap Research Papers Order Now Contact Us