ESSAY EMPIRE's custom essays
  Home Essay Topics & Examples Our Prices Research Papers Term Papers Essay Writing Order now Contact Us  
 
Samples
 Argumentative Essays and Research Papers
 Art and Culture Essays and Research Papers
 Business Essays and Research Papers
 Custom Essay Writing Services
 Environmental Essays and Research Papers
 Health Essays and Research Papers
 History Essays and Research Papers
 How to Write an Essay
 Literature Essays and Research Papers
 Media Essays and Research Papers
 Philosophy Essays and Research Papers
 Political Science Essays and Research Papers
 Psychology Essays and Research Papers
 Religion Essays and Research Papers
 Research Paper Examples
 Research Paper Topics & Ideas
 Science Essays and Research Papers
 Shakespeare Essays and Research Papers
 Sociology Essays and Research Papers
Todat' Free Samples Essay
Research Paper on Physical Activity and Obesity
Physical Activity and Obesity Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Obesity. Physical Activity is defined as bodily movement (any form) produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles that increases energy expenditure above the basal level, and can be categorized in various ways, including type, intensity or strenuousness and purpose. Obesity is a condition describing excess body weight in the form of fat, with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater...
Popular Essay Topics
 Research Paper on Personality Disorders
 Research Paper on Phobias
 Research Paper on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
 Research Paper on Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
 Research Paper on Psychopathology
 Research Paper on Evaluation Research in Sociology
 Research Paper on Clinical Sociology
 Research Paper on Sociological Practice
 Research Paper on Teaching and Learning in Sociology
 Research Paper on Appalachian Studies
 Research Paper on Environmental Issues
 Research Paper on Human Ecology
 Research Paper on Feminist Anthropology
 Research Paper on Terrorism
 Research Paper on Human Rights and Dignity
 Research Paper on Police-Community Relations
 Research Paper on Cultural Arts and Delinquency Reduction Programming
 Research Paper on Wrongful Convictions
 Research Paper on Public Health and Crime
 Research Paper on Criminal Justice Ethics
Copyright © EssayEmpire.com, 2004-2012. All rights reserved

You Are Here: Home > Essay Topics > Sociology Essays and Research Papers > Social Psychology Research Paper Topics  > Research Paper on Social Identity Theory

  Social Psychology Research Paper Topics

Research Paper on Social Identity Theory

Social identity theory offers a social psychological explanation of intergroup prejudice, discrimination, and conflict. Its origins lie in the work of Henri Tajfel (Tajfel & Turner 1979) and his associates who have been instrumental in the development of a distinctly European approach to psychology. For Tajfel, the key to understanding prejudice, discrimination, and intergroup conflict is found in an individual's social identity as defined by group membership. Social identity theory rejects explanations based on individual defects of physiology, personality, or attitude. In this regard, it represents a challenge to more traditional psychological theories and has generated nascent interest among sociologists. Tajfel's experimental findings on group affiliation and personal bias were first published in the 1960s and, since then, social identity theory has generated an immense body of empirical research in support of its basic hypotheses. Over the years, social identity theory has been elaborated and extended to encompass issues of group leadership, organizational psychology, deviance, and political action. Today, social identity theory stands as one of the most influential theoretical perspectives within psychological social psychology.

The empirical starting point for understanding social identity theory is found in a series of laboratory experiments that have come to be known as the minimal group paradigm. The objective in this early research was to identify the minimal conditions required to produce favoritism toward one group and discrimination against another. In the minimal group design, subjects are randomly assigned to one of two groups that they believe were established on the basis of a trivial preliminary test (e.g., whether one underestimated or overestimated the number of dots on a screen). The conditions are such that there is no history or prior knowledge of the group or of other group members, there is no interaction among or between group members, other group members cannot be heard or seen, no competition of any sort is ever established, and the only differentiating factor is the perception that there are two distinct groups. Results from studies using the minimal group paradigm consistently show favoritism toward one's own group and bias against another group (usually measured in terms of reward distribution to group members and member attitudes toward the in-group and the out-group). Thus, on the basis of a purely cognitive discrimination of groups as defined by simple category distinctions, the seeds of intergroup conflict are sown.

Social identity refers to an individual's subjective understanding of group membership. It is a cognitive category that includes emotional and evaluative associations. Social identity can be as simple and fleeting as a label employed in a psychology experiment or as complex and encompassing as national, religious, or ethnic affiliations. While an enormous body of empirical research has established that the salience of a social identity (psychological commitment to a group) leads to prejudice, discrimination, and conflict between groups, we also know from this same research tradition that these basic associations are not universal. Not all group commitments for all individuals lead to the same type of bias. Perhaps the most valuable contribution of social identity theory is that it provides a framework for predicting when and how group bias occurs.

The distinguishing feature of social identity theory is its explanation of the psychological foundation of intergroup prejudice, discrimination and conflict. In contrast to the symbolic interactionist tradition in sociology where self, identity, and personhood are seen as inherently social at all levels, social identity theory argues that group identity is formed psychologically. In other words, the psychology of group behavior is assumed to be qualitatively different from the psychology of interpersonal behavior. While this ontological distinction provides social identity theory with the conceptual language needed to understand prejudice, discrimination, and conflict as ordinary, adaptive, and functional interactions of group behavior, critics have argued that it has led to the adoption of an overly restricted understanding of the social dimension of identity.

 

References:

Brown, R. (2000) Social identity theory: past achievements, current problems, and future challenges. European Journal of Social Psychology 30: 745-78.

Ellemers, N., Spears, R., & Doosje, B. (1999) Social Identity. Blackwell, Oxford.

Hogg, M. A. (2006) Social identity theory. In: Burke, P. J. (ed.), Contemporary Social Psychological Theories. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.

Tajfel, H. & Turner, J. C. (1979) An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In: Austin, W. G. & Worchel, S. (eds.), The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations. Brooks/Cole, Monterey, CA, pp. 33-47.

 

Peter L. Callero

EssayEmpire offers you the best custom essay writing services, along with term paper, thesis paper, and research paper writing help. Our company employs professional essay writers who are fully qualified in a variety of academic fields. If you require a high quality writing service that is capable of writing authentic essays, term papers or research papers because you simply don't have the time or resources to do them yourself or maybe they seem too complicated and time consuming, you don't need to look any further. EssayEmpire is the perfect place for all your needs. If you need high quality Research Paper on Social Identity Theory at affordable prices please use our essay writing services offered by EssayEmpire.

Research Paper on Accounts
Research Paper on Affect Control Theory
Research Paper on Aggression
Research Paper on Asch Experiments
Research Paper on Attitudes and Behavior
Research Paper on Authority and Conformity
Research Paper on Behaviorism
Research Paper on Peter Blau
Research Paper on Herbert George Blumer
Research Paper on Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Research Paper on Charles Horton Cooley
Research Paper on Social Learning Theory of Crime
Research Paper on Definition of the Situation
Research Paper on Doing Gender
Research Paper on Double Consciousness
Research Paper on Dyad/Triad
Research Paper on Cultural Aspects of Emotions
Research Paper on Social Psychological Aspects of Emotions
Research Paper on Emotion Work
Research Paper on Ethnomethodology
Research Paper on Exchange Network Theory
Research Paper on Existential Sociology
Research Paper on Experimental Methods in Social Psychology
Research Paper on Facework
Research Paper on Generalized Other
Research Paper on Erving Goffman
Research Paper on Group Processes
Research Paper on Groups
Research Paper on George Caspar Homans
Research Paper on Identity Control Theory
Research Paper on Deviant Identity
Research Paper on Social Psychological Aspects of Identity
Research Paper on Identity Politics and Relational Politics
Research Paper on Identity Theory
Research Paper on Impression Formation
Research Paper on Individualism
Research Paper on In-Groups and Out-Groups
Research Paper on Interaction
Research Paper on Interpersonal Relationships
Research Paper on Intersubjectivity
Research Paper on Intimacy
Research Paper on Language
Research Paper on Looking-Glass Self
Research Paper on Mass Media and Socialization
Research Paper on Master Status
Research Paper on George H. Mead
Research Paper on Mediated Interaction
Research Paper on Mesostructure
Research Paper on Microsociology
Research Paper on Stanley Milgram
Research Paper on Mind
Research Paper on Networks
Research Paper on Norms
Research Paper on Phenomenology
Research Paper on Play
Research Paper on Power
Research Paper on Theories of Power
Research Paper on Power-Dependence Theory
Research Paper on Pragmatism
Research Paper on Prejudice
Research Paper on Primary Groups
Research Paper on Psychological Social Psychology
Research Paper on Public Opinion
Research Paper on Rational Choice Theories
Research Paper on Reference Groups
Research Paper on Rite of Passage
Research Paper on Role
Research Paper on Role Theory
Research Paper on Role-Taking
Research Paper on Self
Research Paper on Self-Concept
Research Paper on Theories of Self-Esteem
Research Paper on Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
Research Paper on Significant Others
Research Paper on Georg Simmel
Research Paper on Social Cognition
Research Paper on Social Comparison Theory
Research Paper on Social Distance
Research Paper on Social Exchange Theory
Research Paper on Social Influence
Research Paper on Theories of Social Justice
Research Paper on Social Learning Theory
Research Paper on Social Order
Research Paper on Social Psychology
Research Paper on Social Worlds
Research Paper on Socialization
Research Paper on Adult Socialization
Research Paper on Agents of Socialization
Research Paper on Gender Socialization
Research Paper on Primary Socialization
Research Paper on Sociometry
Research Paper on Status
Research Paper on Status Attainment
Research Paper on Status Construction Theory
Research Paper on Stereotypes and Stereotyping
Research Paper on Stigma
Research Paper on Symbolic Interaction
Research Paper on William I. Thomas
Research Paper on Trust
Research Paper on Values
Research Paper on Weak Ties
Research Paper on Zimbardo Prison Experiment




Check our prices! Order your custom essay Now!
Custom Essays FAQInstant Quote
Assignment Type
Pages
Level
Due date
Custom Essays FAQCustom Essay Writing Services
SPECIAL OFFER! 10% OFF!
Enter FIRST10 as your coupon code at checkout to receive a 10% custom writing discount for your first order!
Features
 Professional Essay Writers
 Top Quality Essay Service
 Available 24/7
 Totally Authentic
 Flexible pricing and great discounts
 Written from scratch
 250 words per page
 6-hour delivery available
 Guaranteed Privacy
 FREE Bibliography
 Writing Research Papers in 3,6 or 12 hours
How many pages is a...
250 words essay = 1 page
300 words essay = 2 pages
500 words essay = 2 pages
600 words essay = 3 pages
750 words essay = 3 pages
800  word essay = 4 pages
1000 words essay = 4 pages
2000 words essay = 8 pages
3000 words essay = 12 pages
5000 words essay = 20 pages
7000 words essay = 28 pages
7500 words essay = 30 pages
10000 words essay = 40 pages
Best Prices
$9.99 / page > in 10 days
$11.99 / page > in 7 days
$13.99 / page > in 5 days
$14.99 / page > in 4 days
$15.99 / page > in 3 days
$17.99 / page > in 48 hours
$19.99 / page > in 24 hours
$23.99 / page > in 12 hours
$25.99 / page > in 6 hours
$29.99 / page > in 3 hours
Custom Essays FAQCustom Writing FAQ
 What does your service offer?
 Is this service legal?
 Whom do you employ for writing?
 How secure is the order processing?
 What kind of written works can you provide?
 How many words do you have per page?
 Can I contact you in case of emergency?
 What are your policies concerning the paper format?
 What about refunds?
 What charge will I have in my bank statement?
 
  Home About US Disclaimer Useful Links Essay Topics & Examples Our Prices Discounts Essay Writing FAQ Cheap Research Papers Order Now Contact Us