Routinization of Charisma Essay

Cheap Custom Writing Service

This Routinization of Charisma Essay example is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic, please use our writing services. offers reliable custom essay writing services that can help you to receive high grades and impress your professors with the quality of each essay or research paper you hand in.

The routinization of charisma relates to Max Weber’s (1968: 212—54) typology of pure types of legitimate, social power (reinen Typen legitimer Herrschaft) (Weber 1956: 122—5; 1968: 212—7). Charisma stems from ”an exceptional [aufieralltaglich] (originally attributed to prophets, people with healing or legal knowledge, great hunters or war heroes: as magically instilled), valued quality” endowing a person with ”supernatural, superhuman, or at least specifically exceptional — not those normally found — powers and qualities that are divine gifts [gottgesandt] or exemplary [vorbildlich] and thus valued in a leader [Fiihrer]” (Weber 1956:140; 1968:241). Attributed to various persons, charisma exists among those ”conventionally assessed as ”the ‘greatest heroes, prophets, and saviours”(Weber 1956:140; 1968:241).

Charismatic power creates ”an emotion-based communalization [Vergemeinschaftung];” there are no officials, staff, formal rules or abstract legal principles — ”duty to the leader binds people, creating legitimate order (Weber 1956: 141; 1968: 243). Opposing the existing order, charismatic leaders can foment revolutionary change.

Rooted in individuals perceived powers and qualities, charismatic power is unstable. Stability requires a routine — routinized — solution to succession which is achieved through traditionalization, rationalization, or a combination. For example, succession may require finding another charismatic leader; the original leader or community may designate a successor possessing specific qualities; an hereditary link between leader and an heir may be claimed and ultimately routinized; succession might entail a traditionalized confirmation by ordeal. Routinization reduces disciples emotion-based duty obligations, establishing a more regularized life.


  1. Weber, M. (1956) Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft: Grundriss der Verstehenden Soziologie (Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology), 2 vols., ed. J. Winckelmann. J. C. B. Mohr, Tubingen.
  2. Weber, M. (1968) Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology, 3 vols., ed. G. Roth & C. Wittich, trans. E. Fischoff, H. Gerth, et al. Bedminster Press, New York.

See also:


Always on-time


100% Confidentiality
Special offer! Get discount 10% for the first order. Promo code: cd1a428655