ESSAY EMPIRE's custom essays
  Home Essay Topics & Examples Our Prices Research Papers Term Papers Essay Writing Order now Contact Us  
 
Samples
 Argumentative Essays and Research Papers
 Art and Culture Essays and Research Papers
 Business Essays and Research Papers
 Custom Essay Writing Services
 Environmental Essays and Research Papers
 Health Essays and Research Papers
 History Essays and Research Papers
 How to Write an Essay
 Literature Essays and Research Papers
 Media Essays and Research Papers
 Philosophy Essays and Research Papers
 Political Science Essays and Research Papers
 Psychology Essays and Research Papers
 Religion Essays and Research Papers
 Research Paper Examples
 Research Paper Topics & Ideas
 Science Essays and Research Papers
 Shakespeare Essays and Research Papers
 Sociology Essays and Research Papers
Todat' Free Samples Essay
Research Paper on Physical Activity and Obesity
Physical Activity and Obesity Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Obesity. Physical Activity is defined as bodily movement (any form) produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles that increases energy expenditure above the basal level, and can be categorized in various ways, including type, intensity or strenuousness and purpose. Obesity is a condition describing excess body weight in the form of fat, with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater...
Popular Essay Topics
 Research Paper on Personality Disorders
 Research Paper on Phobias
 Research Paper on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
 Research Paper on Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
 Research Paper on Psychopathology
 Research Paper on Evaluation Research in Sociology
 Research Paper on Clinical Sociology
 Research Paper on Sociological Practice
 Research Paper on Teaching and Learning in Sociology
 Research Paper on Appalachian Studies
 Research Paper on Environmental Issues
 Research Paper on Human Ecology
 Research Paper on Feminist Anthropology
 Research Paper on Terrorism
 Research Paper on Human Rights and Dignity
 Research Paper on Police-Community Relations
 Research Paper on Cultural Arts and Delinquency Reduction Programming
 Research Paper on Wrongful Convictions
 Research Paper on Public Health and Crime
 Research Paper on Criminal Justice Ethics
Copyright © EssayEmpire.com, 2004-2012. All rights reserved

You Are Here: Home > Essay Topics > Literature Essays and Research Papers > Ernest Hemingway  > Essay on For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway

  Ernest Hemingway

Essay on For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway

For Whom the Bell Tolls, Ernest Hemingway's Spanish civil war novel, takes place in the mountains of Spain over the course of three days. Hemingway's protagonist, Robert Jordan, a young American college professor fighting on the side of the republic, finds himself enmeshed in both war strategy (blowing the bridge at the right time and under the right conditions) as well the inner workings of a group of guerrilla fighters. As Rena Sanderson points out, the importance of Jordan's mission magnifies his individual role in the war, making apt the epigraph (and title) of the novel (Sanderson, 1) in which John Donne reminds, "No man is an Iland, intire of it selfe; every man is a peece of the Continent, a part of the maine . . . any man's death diminishes me, because I am involved in Mankinde; And therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls; It tolls for thee."

Nor could Hemingway be an island. His connection with Spain and Spanish politics was personal--he served as a correspondent there intermittently from 1937 to 1939. For Whom the Bell Tolls, his self-proclaimed "best goddamn book" (quoted in Sanderson, 4), demonstrates his investment in the outcome of the Spanish civil war. Hemingway commented, "For a long time both me and my conscience have known I had to go to Spain" (quoted in Donaldson, 235). Hemingway followed his conscience and went to Spain, taking his pen with him; his time in Spain proved prolific, he returned from overseas with numerous syndicated news dispatches, magazine pieces, a film narration, and a play, in addition to For Whom the Bell Tolls (Donaldson, 235). Like his author, Jordan's connection to the war also becomes personal, surpassing the liberal, antifascist ideology that initially brought him to Spain. Jordan falls in love with Maria, a young Spanish woman who experienced the cruelties of the war firsthand and was adopted by the Spanish fighters Jordan enlists to help him blow the bridge. Her cropped hair serves as a constant reminder of her personal stake in the war--the humiliation and rape she suffered at the hands of the Fascists who killed her mother and her father, the Republican leader of a small town. Maria looks to the Ingles, the name the fighters call the outsider who joins their band, to erase her past and help her begin a new life. Jordan's love for Maria complicates his sense of obligation to the Spanish republic. While manning the machine gun and awaiting a Fascist attack, Jordan begins to doubt the depth of his commitment to his mission: "You're not a real Marxist and you know it. You believe in Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity. You believe in Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. Don't ever kid yourself with too much dialectics. They are for some but not for you" (305).

Jordan's sense of obligation extends beyond Maria to include the fighters' leader, Pablo; his wife, Pilar; and the men in their charge. Early in the novel, Jordan debates the level of responsibility he should feel for leading these fighters to probable death. Once more, Jordan debates the issues in his mind, trying to convince himself he lacks culpability: "You have no responsibility for them except in action. The orders do not come from you. They come from Golz. And who is Golz? A good general . . . But should a man carry out impossible orders knowing what they lead to?" (162). The difficulty of reconciling the personal and ideological runs through Hemingway's novel, dominating Jordan's many internal dialogues as well as the conflicts surrounding the other characters, especially Pablo. Pablo suffers as Jordan does, torn between abandoning the men who try to accomplish the virtually impossible and fighting for the republic in which he so believes.

In his essay "Hemingway's Spanish Sensibility" in The Cambridge Companion to Hemingway, Allen Josephs remarks that "Robert Jordan is Hemingway's most complex character and only genuine hero, a man who sacrifices himself for a cause and for the love of a woman" (239). In the mountains, Jordan meets another hero in the wife of Pablo, Pilar. Writing about Hemingway's complex relationship to gender, Rena Sanderson discusses Pilar in "Hemingway and Gender History": "Jordan respects Pilar for her solidity and endurance--he compares her to a mountain . . .--but he also fears her as a rival. Her experience makes her a superb teacher, mentor, and leader to the guerrilla band. She epitomizes the mannish woman whose superiority threatens the man's performance" (Donaldson, 187). Sanderson's observation connects Jordan with the protagonists from Hemingway's other fiction, men who are often preoccupied with potency and masculinity. But Jordan accepts that it is Pilar who leads the guerrillas and he gains respect for her as she recounts to him the beginning of the movement in a gruesome tale detailing the slaughter of the town's Fascists. Pilar's tale not only serves to explain her and Pablo's experiences at the start of the war, but also gives the reader the only real taste of the brutality of the war. The tale serves to further complicate Jordan's involvement in the war, as both the Republicans and the Fascists prove themselves capable of unspeakable brutality.

Ultimately, Jordan remains committed to the cause and to the people who fight with him, and they blow the bridge successfully. Although many are killed in the process, the group remains driven by their liberal ideology, reaffirming the fighter Anselmo's observation that "We must teach them [the Fascists]. We must take away their planes, their automatic weapons, their tanks, their artillery and teach them dignity" (328). Jordan proves what he confessed to Maria before the blowing of the bridge: "I love thee as I love all that we have fought for. I love thee as I love liberty and dignity and the rights of all men to work and not be hungry. I love thee as I love Madrid that we have defended and as I love all my comrades that have died. And many have died" (348). In sacrificing himself--for Maria, for Pablo, Pilar, and the other survivors of the raid on the bridge, for the cause--Jordan negotiates his commitment to the personal with his liberal ideology.

 

Bibliography:

Donaldson, Scott, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Hemingway. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Hemingway, Ernest. For Whom the Bell Tolls. New York: Scribner Paperback Fiction, 1995.

Sanderson, Rena, ed. Blowing the Bridge: Essays on Hemingway and For Whom the Bell Tolls. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1992.

Strychacz, Thomas. Hemingway's Theaters of Masculinity. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2003.

EssayEmpire offers you the best custom essay writing services, along with term paper, thesis paper, and research paper writing help. Our company employs professional essay writers who are fully qualified in a variety of academic fields. If you require a high quality writing service that is capable of writing authentic essays, term papers or research papers because you simply don't have the time or resources to do them yourself or maybe they seem too complicated and time consuming, you don't need to look any further. EssayEmpire is the perfect place for all your needs. If you need high quality Essay on For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway at affordable prices please use our essay writing services offered by EssayEmpire.

Essay on Ernest Hemingway Biography and Novels
Essay on To Have and Have Not by Ernest Hemingway
Essay on The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway
Essay on The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway
Essay on A Moveable Feast by Ernest Hemingway
Essay on A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway




Check our prices! Order your custom essay Now!
Custom Essays FAQInstant Quote
Assignment Type
Pages
Level
Due date
Custom Essays FAQCustom Essay Writing Services
SPECIAL OFFER! 10% OFF!
Enter FIRST10 as your coupon code at checkout to receive a 10% custom writing discount for your first order!
Features
 Professional Essay Writers
 Top Quality Essay Service
 Available 24/7
 Totally Authentic
 Flexible pricing and great discounts
 Written from scratch
 250 words per page
 6-hour delivery available
 Guaranteed Privacy
 FREE Bibliography
 Writing Research Papers in 3,6 or 12 hours
How many pages is a...
250 words essay = 1 page
300 words essay = 2 pages
500 words essay = 2 pages
600 words essay = 3 pages
750 words essay = 3 pages
800  word essay = 4 pages
1000 words essay = 4 pages
2000 words essay = 8 pages
3000 words essay = 12 pages
5000 words essay = 20 pages
7000 words essay = 28 pages
7500 words essay = 30 pages
10000 words essay = 40 pages
Best Prices
$9.99 / page > in 10 days
$11.99 / page > in 7 days
$13.99 / page > in 5 days
$14.99 / page > in 4 days
$15.99 / page > in 3 days
$17.99 / page > in 48 hours
$19.99 / page > in 24 hours
$23.99 / page > in 12 hours
$25.99 / page > in 6 hours
$29.99 / page > in 3 hours
Custom Essays FAQCustom Writing FAQ
 What does your service offer?
 Is this service legal?
 Whom do you employ for writing?
 How secure is the order processing?
 What kind of written works can you provide?
 How many words do you have per page?
 Can I contact you in case of emergency?
 What are your policies concerning the paper format?
 What about refunds?
 What charge will I have in my bank statement?
 
  Home About US Disclaimer Useful Links Essay Topics & Examples Our Prices Discounts Essay Writing FAQ Cheap Research Papers Order Now Contact Us