ESSAY EMPIRE's custom essays
  Home Essay Topics & Examples Our Prices Research Papers Term Papers Essay Writing Order now Contact Us  
 
Samples
 Argumentative Essays and Research Papers
 Art and Culture Essays and Research Papers
 Business Essays and Research Papers
 Custom Essay Writing Services
 Environmental Essays and Research Papers
 Health Essays and Research Papers
 History Essays and Research Papers
 How to Write an Essay
 Literature Essays and Research Papers
 Media Essays and Research Papers
 Philosophy Essays and Research Papers
 Political Science Essays and Research Papers
 Psychology Essays and Research Papers
 Religion Essays and Research Papers
 Research Paper Examples
 Research Paper Topics & Ideas
 Science Essays and Research Papers
 Shakespeare Essays and Research Papers
 Sociology Essays and Research Papers
Todat' Free Samples Essay
Research Paper on Physical Activity and Obesity
Physical Activity and Obesity Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Obesity. Physical Activity is defined as bodily movement (any form) produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles that increases energy expenditure above the basal level, and can be categorized in various ways, including type, intensity or strenuousness and purpose. Obesity is a condition describing excess body weight in the form of fat, with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater...
Popular Essay Topics
 Research Paper on Personality Disorders
 Research Paper on Phobias
 Research Paper on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
 Research Paper on Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
 Research Paper on Psychopathology
 Research Paper on Evaluation Research in Sociology
 Research Paper on Clinical Sociology
 Research Paper on Sociological Practice
 Research Paper on Teaching and Learning in Sociology
 Research Paper on Appalachian Studies
 Research Paper on Environmental Issues
 Research Paper on Human Ecology
 Research Paper on Feminist Anthropology
 Research Paper on Terrorism
 Research Paper on Human Rights and Dignity
 Research Paper on Police-Community Relations
 Research Paper on Cultural Arts and Delinquency Reduction Programming
 Research Paper on Wrongful Convictions
 Research Paper on Public Health and Crime
 Research Paper on Criminal Justice Ethics
Copyright © EssayEmpire.com, 2004-2012. All rights reserved

You Are Here: Home > Essay Topics > Psychology Essays and Research Papers > Panic Disorder Research Paper Topics  

  Panic Disorder Research Paper Topics
Essay on Future of Panic Disorders Treatment
Future of Panic Disorders Treatment Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. A decision to designate recurrent panic attacks as a separate disorder has been controversial ever since panic disorder was introduced into psychiatric nosology. The survival of panic disorder as a diagnostic entity first depends on demonstrating that unexpected panic attacks are not a product of fiction. If unexpected panic attacks cannot be reliably distinguished from situational attacks on the basis of the criteria other than lack of context in which they appear, the raison deter...
Essay on Future of Panic Disorders Treatment » 
Essay on Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis
Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Psychodynamic therapy and psychoanalysis are used if general indications for these forms of psychotherapy are present. These include the patient's ability to make meaningful connections between various experiences, phenomena, symptoms, and external events, along with the willingness to understand these connections and relationships in relevant context (''introspectiveness''), ability to withstand unpleasant emotions and frustrations, delay gratification, resist impulsive urges and form...
Essay on Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis » 
Essay on Exposure-Based Therapy for Agoraphobia
Exposure-Based Therapy for Agoraphobia Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. The behavioral technique of exposure is the key component of the treatment of agoraphobia. Even if the formal exposure-based therapy is not used, at least some basic principles of exposure should be incorporated into every treatment approach to agoraphobia. Gradual exposure in vivo is by far the most common type of exposure therapy for agoraphobia. Its use entails a construction of phobic hierarchies on the basis of a behavioral analysis, with initial exposure to situations that elicit...
Essay on Exposure-Based Therapy for Agoraphobia » 
Essay on Panic Symptoms Control Techniques
Panic Symptoms Control Techniques Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. The most common techniques used for alleviation of symptoms of anxiety and panic are controlled, slow breathing (breathing retraining) and relaxation. The use of controlled, slow breathing can avert hyperventilation or restore normal breathing pattern in patients who are already hyperventilating. Insofar as the panic symptoms are caused by hyperventilation, restoration of the normal breathing pattern can alleviate or even eliminate these symptoms. Controlled, slow breathing relies on three components...
Essay on Panic Symptoms Control Techniques » 
Essay on Panic Control Treatment
Panic Control Treatment Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Panic control treatment is a commonly used form of CBT, with greater emphasis on behavioral components of treatment. It is based largely on the model of panic attacks as false alarms and the concepts of interoceptive conditioning and learned alarms. In contrast to the goals of treatment in cognitive therapy, the main goal of panic control treatment is a better control of symptoms of anxiety and panic. The key technique of panic control treatment is interoceptive exposure, which is similar to behavioral experiments...
Essay on Panic Control Treatment » 
Essay on Aspects of Cognitive Therapy
Aspects of Cognitive Therapy Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Aspects of cognitive therapy are focusing on dysfunctional expectations of panic attacks. Because many panic patients believe that expectations of attacks lead to the actual occurrence of attacks, it is important for them to realize that this association is not inevitable and that expecting a panic attack does not necessarily make it happen. Moreover, instead of focusing on the expectation of panic attacks, patients are encouraged to learn strategies for coping with anxiety and panic. Once...
Essay on Aspects of Cognitive Therapy » 
Essay on Cognitive Therapy of Panic Disorder
Cognitive Therapy of Panic Disorder Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Cognitive therapy of panic disorder is based on the cognitive theory of panic disorder and, more specifically, on the assumption that panic attacks are a consequence of catastrophic appraisals (misinterpretation) of benign physical sensations and symptoms. Hence, the immediate goal of cognitive therapy of panic disorder is to normalize appraisals of physical sensations and symptoms. Furthermore, cognitive therapy is undertaken with the goal of decreasing or eliminating the fear...
Essay on Cognitive Therapy of Panic Disorder » 
Essay on Issues in the Course of Treatment with Benzodiazepines
Issues in the Course of Treatment with Benzodiazepines Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. The main issue during long-term treatment with benzodiazepines is therapeutic dependence on these medications, often labeled ''addiction.'' Although therapeutic drug dependence and dependence on alcohol and certain illicit drugs (''addiction'') are both characterized by the occurrence of withdrawal symptoms upon abrupt cessation of the drug, there are important differences between the two. Unlike addiction, therapeutic dependence on benzodiazepines is not associated with tolerance...
Essay on Issues in the Course of Treatment with Benzodiazepines » 
Essay on Long-Term Pharmacological Treatment of Panic Disorders
Long-Term Pharmacological Treatment of Panic Disorders Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Because panic disorder tends to have a chronic course, pharmacological treatment should be continued for at least 6--12 months after the patient has attained remission and the panic attacks have either disappeared completely or their frequency and severity have decreased significantly. In practice, patients often take medications for longer periods of time. After 1 year, a physician needs to review whether pharmacotherapy is to continue. In doing so, the physician should...
Essay on Long-Term Pharmacological Treatment of Panic Disorders » 
Essay on Benzodiazepines in Treatment of Panic Disorder
Benzodiazepines in Treatment of Panic Disorder Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Some patients are so troubled by their symptoms and the overall experience of panic that they urgently seek alleviation of anxiety and panic. Because of the quick onset of anxiolytic and antipanic action, benzodiazepines are particularly advantageous in short-term treatment of such patients, as patients experience significant relief, with a complete disappearance of panic attacks within days or 1 to 2 weeks. In addition, benzodiazepines are generally well tolerated, and, if taken alone...
Essay on Benzodiazepines in Treatment of Panic Disorder » 
Essay on Treatment of Panic Disorders
Treatment of Panic Disorders Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. In view of the chronic course of panic disorder in most cases, short-term treatment is usually not sufficient. Even when significant improvement occurs after several weeks or months of treatment with medications or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), as it does in 70%--80% of patients, some treatment measures need to remain in place because of the possibility of relapse and complications. When patients with panic disorder first present for treatment, they are typically distressed by panic attacks...
Essay on Treatment of Panic Disorders » 
Essay on Behavioral Inhibition in Childhood
Behavioral Inhibition in Childhood Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Childhood behavioral inhibition is another etiological explanatory construct often used by theorists, clinicians, and researchers of various orientations. It refers to the inborn dimension of temperament, characterized by caution, inhibition, withdrawal, and physiological hyperarousal on exposure to novel stimuli and situations. When this behavior is prominent and persistent, it prevents exploration of the surrounding world, use of cognitive potentials, and self-assertion. Childhood...
Essay on Behavioral Inhibition in Childhood » 
Essay on Childhood Separation Anxiety
Childhood Separation Anxiety Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. Separation anxiety in infants and young children has been conceptualized as a biologically determined, automatic response to separation from the mother or the mothering figure. This response is seen as the child's effective protest and serves the purpose of ''assuring'' that the mother will return as quickly as possible. Ultimately, separation anxiety is important for survival of the individual and the humankind. A panic attack occurs because of the inborn lowered threshold at which...
Essay on Childhood Separation Anxiety » 
Essay on Psychological Accounts of Agoraphobia
Psychological Accounts of Agoraphobia Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. The straightforward explanation of agoraphobia is that it is a consequence of recurrent panic attacks and anticipatory anxiety. As a result of conditioning, patients learn to fear those places and situations where they have had unpleasant, frightening panic attacks and symptoms (and where they now expect to have another attack). The avoidance of such places and situations reinforces agoraphobia, because avoidance decreases the possibility of having panic attacks, panic symptoms, and, more generally...
Essay on Psychological Accounts of Agoraphobia » 
Essay on Panic Attacks as False Alarms
Panic Attacks as False Alarms Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Barlow (1988) has proposed a model of panic disorder that includes components from biological, basic emotion, learning (behavioral), and cognitive theories. His theory first makes a distinction between fear and anxiety. Fear is one of the ''basic emotions'' with a distinct physiological pattern (autonomic hyperarousal), which represents an acute, shortlasting response to the perceived, immediate threat (''true alarm''). Anxiety is a longer lasting ''state of mood,'' which lacks a distinct physiological...
Essay on Panic Attacks as False Alarms » 
Essay on Dangers of Anxiety
Dangers of Anxiety Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. The model of panic disorder, sometimes referred to as the ''expectancy model,'' was derived from the concept of anxiety sensitivity. This concept denotes a fear of anxiety-related sensations and symptoms, based on beliefs that anxiety and its symptoms have dangerous consequences, with these consequences being physical (e.g., a serious disease, death), psychological (e.g., loss of sanity), or social (e.g., humiliation). Anxiety sensitivity is akin to a stable personality dimension and represents a specific...
Essay on Dangers of Anxiety » 
Essay on Cognitive Theories of Panic Attacks
Cognitive Theories of Panic Attacks Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. All cognitive theories of panic disorder share a view that the main feature of panic disorder, as well as other anxiety disorders, is the exaggerated perception of threat. It is the nature of this threat that distinguishes panic disorder from other anxiety disorders. While the perceived threat in conditions like phobias is mainly external, the perceived threat in panic disorder is of an internal nature. That is, the threat in panic disorder is perceived to originate within one's body, which...
Essay on Cognitive Theories of Panic Attacks » 
Essay on The Induction of Panic Attacks
The Induction of Panic Attacks Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. The purpose of panic induction studies has been to shed more light on the mechanisms involved in the occurrence of panic attacks. Various substances have been administered to induce panic attacks. Some of them, such as carbon dioxide, sodium lactate, and sodium bicarbonate, change the acid-base balance and affect levels of carbon dioxide and respiration rate, leading to panic. This mechanism involves hypersensitivity to carbon dioxide and/or hyperventilation. Other substances induce panic...
Essay on The Induction of Panic Attacks » 
Essay on Etiology and Pathogenesis of Panic Disorder
Etiology and Pathogenesis of Panic Disorder Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Etiological factors unique to panic disorder have not been elucidated. It is often assumed that panic disorder is a consequence of various interactions between etiological factors. People who develop panic attacks and panic disorder seem to carry a certain predisposition, but it is not clear whether the presence of some predisposing factors is necessary for all panic attacks and all cases of panic disorder. The predisposition is usually conceptualized in terms of genetic and/or...
Essay on Etiology and Pathogenesis of Panic Disorder » 
Essay on Panic Disorder and Quality of Life
Panic Disorder and Quality of Life Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Panic disorder has an adverse effect on the quality of life. The impairment in one or more domains of functioning as a result of panic disorder can be severe. Panic patients have often been found to have significant problems in marital and family functioning, general social and interpersonal functioning, and occupational and academic functioning. Because they often feel that no one understands them, panic patients may withdraw and find themselves socially isolated. Alternatively, they respond...
Essay on Panic Disorder and Quality of Life » 
Essay on Complications of Panic Disorders
Complications of Panic Disorders Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Panic disorder may be complicated by depression and alcohol-related disorders. The links between these disorders are discussed in Relationship Between Panic Disorder and Other Disorders (above). Unlike patients with some of the other anxiety disorders, panic patients may be more aversive to other psychotropic substances, especially those that might have precipitated the first panic attack or exacerbated the course of the panic disorder (e.g., cannabis, cocaine). Panic disorder has been...
Essay on Complications of Panic Disorders » 
Essay on The Course and Prognosis of Panic Disorder
The Course and Prognosis of Panic Disorder Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. The course of panic disorder is difficult to study for several reasons. Some of them are unique to panic disorder, whereas others are also applicable to long-standing conditions in general. First, it is difficult to find representative samples of persons with panic disorder who have not had any treatment. Studies of the course of panic disorder have almost invariably been conducted in patients who have received some treatment; hence, very little is known about the course of untreated...
Essay on The Course and Prognosis of Panic Disorder » 
Essay on Epidemiology of Panic Disorders
Epidemiology of Panic Disorders Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. Panic attacks are commonly seen in various psychiatric and medical conditions, and they also appear to be common in people who have no other health problems. Earlier estimates put the lifetime prevalence of panic attacks in the general population between 7.3% and 10%. In the more recently conducted National Comorbidity Survey Replication, the lifetime prevalence of all panic attacks in adults in the United States was 28.3%, whereas the lifetime prevalence of isolated panic attacks...
Essay on Epidemiology of Panic Disorders » 
Essay on Differential Diagnosis of Agoraphobia
Differential Diagnosis of Agoraphobia Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. The most common issue in the differential diagnosis of agoraphobia is its distinction from specific phobias and social anxiety disorder. Patients with agoraphobia, specific phobias, and social anxiety disorder may fear and avoid the same or similar situations, but patients with agoraphobia are typically afraid of numerous and quite diverse situations (which are usually interconnected, however, by their common link to panic attacks). Reasons for fear and avoidance may be more useful...
Essay on Differential Diagnosis of Agoraphobia » 
Essay on Psychiatric Differential Diagnosis of Panic Attacks
Psychiatric Differential Diagnosis of Panic Attacks Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Psychiatric differential diagnosis of panic disorder may include quite a few disorders, but generalized anxiety disorder and hypochondrias are of greatest conceptual and practical relevance. Still, the separation of the previous diagnostic entity of ''anxiety neurosis'' into panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder remains somewhat controversial. As already noted, panic disorder and hypochondrias have much in common. However, there are ways of distinguishing between these conditions...
Essay on Psychiatric Differential Diagnosis of Panic Attacks » 
Essay on Medical Differential Diagnosis of Panic Disorders
Medical Differential Diagnosis of Panic Disorders Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Differential diagnosis of panic disorder is important and complex for several reasons. In comparison with the general population and patients without panic disorder, patients with panic disorder are more likely to have certain medical conditions. Likewise, panic disorder is more likely to co-occur with a number of medical conditions. These include thyroid dysfunction, mitral valve prolapse, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other respiratory illnesses, vestibular dysfunction...
Essay on Medical Differential Diagnosis of Panic Disorders » 
Essay on Assessment Instruments of Panic Disorders
Assessment Instruments of Panic Disorders Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. The recognition that panic disorder is a multifaceted condition has led to a construction of two instruments for separate assessments of different components and aspects of panic disorder (e.g., panic attacks, anticipatory anxiety, agoraphobic avoidance, health-related concerns, disability). These instruments are the Panic Disorder Severity Scale and the Panic and Agoraphobia Scale. Both are designed for use by clinicians, but there are also patient, self-report versions. They enable...
Essay on Assessment Instruments of Panic Disorders » 
Essay on Panic Attacks and Agoraphobia
Panic Attacks and Agoraphobia Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. Another conceptual issue that has received a large amount of attention is that of the relationship between panic attacks, panic disorder, and agoraphobia. In American psychiatry, as embodied in the DSM system, panic attack, especially spontaneous or unexpected panic attack, is regarded as a qualitatively different type of anxiety. When both panic attacks and agoraphobic avoidance are present, agoraphobia is seen as a consequence of panic attacks, whereas agoraphobia itself is defined through...
Essay on Panic Attacks and Agoraphobia » 
Essay on Panic Disorders Issues
Panic Disorders Issues Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Diagnostic criteria for panic disorder in DSM-IV-TR are relatively straightforward. There needs to be a presence of recurrent, unexpected panic attacks and anticipatory anxiety for at least 1 month, and panic attacks must not be caused by a medical condition or a psychoactive substance. To qualify for the diagnosis of panic disorder, most panic attacks have to be unexpected, but some are situationally predisposed or situationally bound, especially in panic patients who also have agoraphobia. If most...
Essay on Panic Disorders Issues » 
Essay on Panic Disorder and Depression
Panic Disorder and Depression Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Depression is often seen as a complication of panic disorder, especially in the context of agoraphobia and a long-standing and more severe panic disorder. In some cases, major depressive disorder and panic disorder develop at approximately the same time, while in the minority of patients, major depressive disorder precedes the onset of panic disorder. It is estimated that between 24% and 88% of patients with panic disorder have at least one major depressive episode in their lifetime...
Essay on Panic Disorder and Depression » 
Essay on Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia
Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Patients with panic disorder often resort to the avoidance of situations in which they expect to have panic attacks or some symptoms of the attacks. This is the path that leads to agoraphobia. Because agoraphobia is not solely and invariably a consequence of panic disorder, the relationship between panic disorder and agoraphobia has been a source of some controversy. In examining the relationship between panic disorder and agoraphobia from the perspective of panic disorder being a chronologically...
Essay on Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia » 
Essay on Panic Disorder and Personality Disturbance
Panic Disorder and Personality Disturbance Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. The relationship between panic disorder and personality disturbance is important because of the implications it may have for the understanding of the psychopathology of panic disorder and for its treatment. Most personality disorders and personality traits that have been found in patients with panic disorder are nonspecifically associated with panic disorder. That is, the same or similar types of the personality-level psychopathology have been found in patients with other anxiety disorders and depression...
Essay on Panic Disorder and Personality Disturbance » 
Essay on Relationship Between Panic Disorder and Other Disorders
Relationship Between Panic Disorder and Other Disorders Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. Psychiatric conditions frequently co-occur with panic disorder, especially in clinical settings. Other anxiety disorders, mood disorders, hypochondriacs, and alcohol abuse are most common among these conditions. Various types of personality disturbance are also seen in patients with panic disorder. The rates of another anxiety disorder co-occurring with panic disorder in clinical populations over a lifetime range between 35% and 93%; the most frequently co-occurring...
Essay on Relationship Between Panic Disorder and Other Disorders » 
Essay on The Onset of Panic Disorder
The Onset of Panic Disorder Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. The first panic attack is usually well remembered by patients: it was so different from everything that they had experienced before that it usually remains vivid in their memory many years after its occurrence. However, the first panic attack often does not denote the onset of panic disorder and for this reason the precise onset of the disorder may be more difficult to ascertain. Although many patients describe their first panic attack as quite sudden and unexpected and deny that there were any events...
Essay on The Onset of Panic Disorder » 
Essay on Agoraphobia
Agoraphobia Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. Among patients with panic disorder, agoraphobia is seen along the continuum of severity-from very mild cases that do not require treatment and in which phobic avoidance disappears with successful treatment of other components of panic disorder, to severe avoidance, when patients are homebound and treatment has to immediately address the agoraphobic component of illness. As stated before, agoraphobia is defined as the fear and/or avoidance of various situations from which escape might be difficult or embarrassing...
Essay on Agoraphobia » 
Essay on Anticipatory Anxiety
Anticipatory Anxiety Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. Anticipatory anxiety is as important as panic attacks for the conceptualization of panic disorder. There are several ways in which anticipatory anxiety can be defined. Most broadly, anticipatory anxiety (sometimes also referred to as ''fear of fear'') can be defined as a persistent fear of having another panic attack (and/or fear of certain symptoms occurring during the attack). More specifically, this fear pertains to the anticipated consequences of panic attacks. These consequences may be of a...
Essay on Anticipatory Anxiety » 
Essay on Variants of Panic Attacks
Variants of Panic Attacks Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. In addition to typical, full-blown panic attacks, there are several variants that either do not meet full diagnostic criteria for panic attacks or have special features. These variants include limited-symptom attacks, nonclinical attacks, nocturnal attacks, and nonfearful attacks. Limited-symptom panic attacks are characterized by fewer symptoms-less than four according to DSM-IV-TR. They usually occur along with full-blown attacks. The demarcation on the basis of the number of symptoms, and not on the...
Essay on Variants of Panic Attacks » 
Essay on Behavioral Symptoms of Panic Attacks
Behavioral Symptoms of Panic Attacks Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. The most typical behavioral response to a panic attack is escape. Because they feel vitally threatened or fear that they might lose control, panic patients have an urge to ''do something'' to escape the danger. And because the danger is usually associated with the situation or a place in which the attack has occurred, patients feel compelled to flee to a place where they would feel safe. Depending on the nature of the underlying fear, that safety may be provided by one's home or the...
Essay on Behavioral Symptoms of Panic Attacks » 
Essay on Psychological Symptoms of Panic Attacks
Psychological Symptoms of Panic Attacks Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Although there are reports of non-fearful panic attacks, most patients describe panic attacks as being not only unpleasant but also frightening. Such an experience of panic is usually associated with an extremely negative, catastrophic appraisal of physical symptoms occurring during panic attacks. Broadly speaking, there are two types of catastrophes that panic patients anticipate: one pertains to the physical consequences of an attack and the other to psychological and social...
Essay on Psychological Symptoms of Panic Attacks » 
Essay on Physical Symptoms of Panic Attacks
Physical Symptoms of Panic Attacks Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. Although the DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria stipulate that any combination of at least four symptoms is sufficient for the diagnosis of a panic attack, it appears that some physical symptoms are more frequent and more typical of panic attacks. Therefore, they could be termed ''first-rank'' panic symptoms. These include heart racing (tachycardia) and pounding (palpitations), dizziness or lightheadedness, shortness of breath, choking sensations, chest discomfort or pain, sweating, and trembling...
Essay on Physical Symptoms of Panic Attacks » 
Essay on Types of Panic Attacks
Types of Panic Attacks Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. According to DSM-IV-TR, there are three types of panic attacks: unexpected, situationally predisposed, and situationally bound. Unexpected panic attacks occur ''spontaneously,'' which means that the person does not associate their occurrence with any particular situation, object, or event. Of course, that does not mean that such attacks are never triggered by external influences; it is more likely that such influences are just not apparent to the person, and attacks are therefore experienced...
Essay on Types of Panic Attacks » 
Essay on Panic Attacks
Panic Attacks Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. There is no universal description of a panic attack, because attacks differ in terms of their symptoms and how they are experienced. Panic attacks can nonetheless be defined as sudden episodes of severe anxiety that are characterized by physical symptom sand anticipation of dreadful consequences. The affected person typically believes that something horrific is about to happen and often has a tendency to escape right away, perhaps in an attempt to avert such a catastrophe. Panic attacks reach their peak very...
Essay on Panic Attacks » 
Essay on Panic Disorder With and Without Agoraphobia
Panic Disorder With and Without Agoraphobia Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. Panic disorder is characterized by two components: recurrent panic attacks and anticipatory anxiety. Panic attacks within panic disorder are not caused by physical illness or certain substances and they are unexpected, at least initially; later in the course of the disorder, many attacks may be precipitated by certain situations or are more likely to occur in them. Anticipatory anxiety is an intense fear of having another panic attack, which is present between panic attacks. Some patients...
Essay on Panic Disorder With and Without Agoraphobia » 
Essay on Therapy for Anxiety Disorders
Therapy for Anxiety Disorders Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. Ideological battles about the efficacy and usefulness of various treatments in anxiety disorders are still vehemently fought. The profession is no longer divided over the value of psychoanalysis and psychodynamic psychotherapy, as these forms of psychological therapy are not generally regarded as first-line treatment for anxiety disorders. The focus has now shifted to pharmacotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy, with their relative advantages and disadvantages often being bitterly debated...
Essay on Therapy for Anxiety Disorders » 
Essay on Treatment of Anxiety Disorders
Treatment of Anxiety Disorders Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. With current emphasis on evidence-based treatments in psychiatry, clinicians are in a better position to administer treatments that are likely to work. The reality of clinical practice, however, calls for treatment of patients who do not easily match patients on whom various evidence-based treatment guidelines and algorithms are based. The latter usually come from research or highly specialized settings in which randomized, controlled trials have been conducted, and they may have relatively ''pure''...
Essay on Treatment of Anxiety Disorders » 
Essay on The Psychological Models of Anxiety Disorders
The Psychological Models of Anxiety Disorders Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. The psychological models of anxiety disorders that are most relevant for clinical practice include behavioral, cognitive, and psychodynamic approaches. Behavioral models are based on the learning theory. They provide an account of the acquisition of fear via conditioning and emphasize the crucial role of behaviors such as avoidance in maintaining anxiety disorders. The latter explains the focus on behavior modification in behavior therapy. Behavioral models are often criticized as...
Essay on The Psychological Models of Anxiety Disorders » 
Essay on The Etiological Models of Anxiety Disorders
The Etiological Models of Anxiety Disorders Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Psychology. The etiological understanding of the anxiety disorders continues to be fragmented, as it is split into biological and psychological models. There is an increasing need, however, to combine the contributions of these models in an effort to arrive at a more comprehensive understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of anxiety disorders. Regardless of the preferred model, conceptualizing the predisposing, precipitating, and maintaining factors can afford better etiological...
Essay on The Etiological Models of Anxiety Disorders » 
Essay on Anxiety Disorders Issues
Anxiety Disorders Issues Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. Regardless of whether the DSM or ICD conceptualization and classification are adopted, the classification overhauls of anxiety disorders over the last several decades have resulted in splitting the four pre-DSM-III diagnostic entities into a large number of diagnostic categories. Moreover, the diagnostic categories within anxiety disorders have undergone further splitting, so that almost all the categories now have two or more subtypes. The upshot of this trend is a high likelihood for various...
Essay on Anxiety Disorders Issues » 
Essay on Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety Disorders Research Paper, Custom Essays and Term Papers Writing on Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety disorders can be defined as conditions characterized by pathological anxiety that has not been caused by physical illness, is not associated with substance use, and is not part of a psychotic illness. Therefore, the concept of anxiety disorders is largely based on exclusion of several causes of pathological anxiety-hardly a scientifically defensible position. Since pathological anxiety has been postulated as the sine qua non of anxiety disorders, it is important to first make a distinction between pathological and ''normal'' anxiety. For the sake of clarifying this matter, the terms anxiety and fear are used here interchangeably (as they both denote a response to a perceived threat), although there is also a prominent view that conceptual differences do exist between them...
Essay on Anxiety Disorders » 
see also:
  Research paper on ADHD Research Paper Topics
  Essay Writings on Adolescent Psychology Research Paper Topics
  Term Papers on Aging Research Paper Topics
  Research paper on Anxiety Research Paper Topics
  Essay on Biographies of Famous Psychologists
  Research paper on Cognitive Development Research Paper Topics
  Free Paper on OCD Research Paper Topics
  Research Papers on PTSD Research Paper Topics
  Research paper on Psychoanalysis Research Paper Topics
  Writing Essay on Sexuality Research Paper Topics
  Custom Writing Essay on Social Phobia Research Paper Topics
  Essay Writings on Specific Phobias Research Paper Topics




Check our prices! Order your custom essay Now!
Custom Essays FAQInstant Quote
Assignment Type
Pages
Level
Due date
Custom Essays FAQCustom Essay Writing Services
SPECIAL OFFER! 10% OFF!
Enter FIRST10 as your coupon code at checkout to receive a 10% custom writing discount for your first order!
Features
 Professional Essay Writers
 Top Quality Essay Service
 Available 24/7
 Totally Authentic
 Flexible pricing and great discounts
 Written from scratch
 250 words per page
 6-hour delivery available
 Guaranteed Privacy
 FREE Bibliography
 Writing Research Papers in 3,6 or 12 hours
How many pages is a...
250 words essay = 1 page
300 words essay = 2 pages
500 words essay = 2 pages
600 words essay = 3 pages
750 words essay = 3 pages
800  word essay = 4 pages
1000 words essay = 4 pages
2000 words essay = 8 pages
3000 words essay = 12 pages
5000 words essay = 20 pages
7000 words essay = 28 pages
7500 words essay = 30 pages
10000 words essay = 40 pages
Best Prices
$9.99 / page > in 10 days
$11.99 / page > in 7 days
$13.99 / page > in 5 days
$14.99 / page > in 4 days
$15.99 / page > in 3 days
$17.99 / page > in 48 hours
$19.99 / page > in 24 hours
$23.99 / page > in 12 hours
$25.99 / page > in 6 hours
$29.99 / page > in 3 hours
Custom Essays FAQCustom Writing FAQ
 What does your service offer?
 Is this service legal?
 Whom do you employ for writing?
 How secure is the order processing?
 What kind of written works can you provide?
 How many words do you have per page?
 Can I contact you in case of emergency?
 What are your policies concerning the paper format?
 What about refunds?
 What charge will I have in my bank statement?
 
  Home About US Disclaimer Useful Links Essay Topics & Examples Our Prices Discounts Essay Writing FAQ Cheap Research Papers Order Now Contact Us