Luxembourg Essay

Cheap Custom Writing Service

A landlocked  country  in  Western  Europe,  Luxembourg (998 sq. mi., population  480,222, gross domestic product  [GDP] $38 billion in 2007) is a hub of its economic  and  political activity. Once  a part  of the Low Countries that produced so much of the fine art and music of the late Middle Ages and Early Modern period, Luxembourg has a history dating back to the construction of Luxembourg  Castle  in 983, named for the  House  of Luxembourg  whose  dynasty  presided over the country until 1477, when Luxembourg and  the  Netherlands  became  part  of the  Habsburg Empire. The modern  state formally dates from 1867, after France and Prussia nearly engaged in war over control  of the  small country.  Despite  its  independence, the king of the Netherlands remained the ruler of Luxembourg until 1890, when William III died and passed control  of the Netherlands  and Luxembourg to separate heirs.

Modern-day  Luxembourg  is a trilingual  country, with German, French, and Luxembourgish as its official languages. Luxembourgish,  spoken  by some 300,000 people worldwide, is a Moselle Franconian language: a High German  dialect developed among the  German   immigrants   in  France,  Belgium,  and Romania during the 12th and 13th centuries.

Luxembourg  is a parliamentary  democracy  with a constitution ratified in 1868, a year after the second Treaty of London. The legislature is unicameral, consisting only of the Chamber of Deputies, the 60 members of which are directly elected from four regions every five years. The Council of State, 21 nonpoliticians appointed  by the Grand  Duke, advises the Chamber during  the  drafting  of legislation. The Grand  Duke, currently Henri I, is the hereditary monarch  and head of state, while the prime minister is the head of government and serves on the Council of Government  with the other ministers of the executive branch.

Since 1958, Luxembourg  was part  of the Benelux economic union with Belgium and the Netherlands—its fellow former Low Countries—the  name of the union derived from the first letters of each country’s name. Most of Benelux’s concerns and duties have since been subsumed into the European Union, of which the Benelux countries were founding members.

Luxembourg is one of the wealthiest nations in the world, and the second-largest investment fund center (after the United States). The GDP per capita is the highest in the world—$87,995 in 2006—but in recent years the government  has run at a budget deficit for the first time in recent history, a casualty of the 21st century’s slowing economic growth. Inflation and unemployment have historically  been  low, and  the GDP high, thanks to a history of industrialization and banking excellence. The industrial sector has included significant export levels of steel, chemicals, and rubber, and as industry declined, the financial sector has soared. The country has actively courted the interest of internet companies, and both Skype and eBay have opened headquarters in Luxembourg as a result.


  1. Paul Arblaster, A History of the Low Countries (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005);
  2. C. H. Blom, Emiel Lamberts, eds., James C. Kennedy, trans., History of the Low Countries (Berghahn Books, 1999);
  3. Bernard A. Cook, Belgium: A History (Peter Lang, 2005).

This example Luxembourg Essay is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services. offers reliable custom essay writing services that can help you to receive high grades and impress your professors with the quality of each essay or research paper you hand in.

See also:


Always on-time


100% Confidentiality

Special offer!